The sheer scope of its history is monumental, encompassing as it does the origins of the ancient Pharaohs and the civilisations of the Greek, Romans and Jews. With a written history that spans some five millennia, this dramatic melting pot of history witnessed the rise of Christianity and Islam, saw off the colonial pretensions of Britain and France and lived through the turbulent years of independence and the Arab Spring.
The legacy of the great builders of antiquity lies everywhere along the Nile Valley. From the Great Pyramids of Giza to the Temples of Karnak and Abu Simbel, these landscapes still bear witness to one of the greatest civilisations ever known. Along the meandering ribbon of the Nile, farmers tend the fertile soil in the shadow of monuments that can trace their ancestry back to the pages of the Bible. Whilst in Cairo, its bustling capital, you can find spectacular Islamic architecture and ancient Coptic churches sharing the thronging backstreets with colourful bazaars and spice stalls that transport you back to another century.